What is a VPS?

Everything you need to know to understand virtual servers

What is a VPS?

A virtual private server (VPS) is a virtual partition within a physical server that assigns exclusive resources to each partition. These grant root access that allows you to install an operating system and work with a high degree of freedom.

VPS hosting is one of the most popular hosting services that you can choose for your website. It uses virtualization technology to provide you with dedicated (private) resources on a multi-user server.

It is a more secure and stable solution than shared hosting where you do not get dedicated server space. However, it is on a smaller scale and cheaper than renting a full server.

VPS hosting is generally chosen by website owners who have mid-level traffic that exceeds the limits of shared hosting plans but who do not yet need the resources of a dedicated server.

VPS solutions generally offer multiple hosting plans. For example, at Mox Networks, we have six VPS hosting plans that accommodate different needs and allow you to seamlessly scale your site when you need more resources.

How does VPS hosting work?

A server is a computer on which your web host stores the files and databases necessary for your website. Every time an online visitor wants to access your website, their browser sends them a request to your server and transfer the necessary files over the Internet. VPS hosting provides you with a virtual server that simulates a physical server ; however, in reality, the machine is shared by multiple users.

By using virtualization technology, your web host installs a virtual layer on top of the server's operating system. This layer divides the server into partitions and allows each user to install their own operating system and software.

Therefore, a virtual private server (VPS) is both virtual and private because you have absolute control. It is separated from other server users at the operating system level. In fact, VPS technology is similar to creating partitions on your computer when you want to run more than one operating system (for example, Windows and Linux) without having to reboot.

A VPS allows you to configure your website within a secure container with guaranteed resources (memory, disk space, CPU cores, etc.) that you do not have to share with other users. With VPS hosting, you have the same root level access as if you were renting a dedicated server, but at a much lower cost.

Pros and cons of VPS

VPS hosting can be an ideal solution for you if it is the service you really need. Below you can read the pros and cons of having a virtual private server.


1. It is faster and more reliable than a shared hosting server.
2. Since server resources, such as memory or processing power, are guaranteed, there is a zero to minimal fluctuation in available resources.
3. Problems and increases in traffic from other users of the server do not affect your site.
3. You get superuser (root) access to your server.
4. You get more privacy, since your files and databases are blocked from other users of the server.
5. It is an easy service to scale. As your website grows, you can easily improve your server resources (RAM, CPU, disk space, bandwidth, etc.).


1. It is more expensive than shared hosting.
2. More technical knowledge is required to manage your server.
3. Misconfigured servers can lead to security vulnerabilities.