Cybersquatting: meet this new term
In Spanish it is known as cybersquatting.
The cybersquatting or in Spanish known as ciberocupación , is about the fact of registering a domain name associated with an existing brand, with the purpose of obtaining money, extorting the brand to buy it or diverting traffic web to other brands.
Since the big brands began to digitize their communication channels, websites have become the main source of sale. It is for this reason, and other global contexts such as the pandemic that has accelerated the use of the internet, frauds of this type have become recurrent crimes.
The National Cybersecurity Institute explains that squatting can be done in different ways. Some of these are as follows:
Addition: Add a character to the end of the domain name "incibes.es".
Substitution: One character of the domain name is changed to another "incive.es"
Homographic: One character is replaced by another that at first glance is similar to "inclbe.es". In this technique you can also use different literacies whose characters are similar to the Latin alphabet "incíbe.es", when in fact they may belong to another, such as Cyrillic.
Separation: It consists of adding a hyphen in some part of the domain name "inci-be.es".
Insertion: A character is added between the first and last of the domain name "incinbe.es".
Omission: A character "incbe.es" is removed.
Subdomain: It is based on registering a domain name with the partial name of the legitimate one and adding the remaining characters through a subdomain "inci.be.es".
Transposition: Alternate order of the characters of the domain name "initbe.es".
Change of domain: A free domain is used but using the same domain name "incibe.eu".
Others: Some other techniques used consist of adding "w" at the beginning of the name or "com" at the end, "wwwincibe.es" "incibecom.es".
To avoid this type of confusion, it is recommended to verify the correct URL of the site that we want to reach, be attentive to the link where personal data is entered , if necessary take a screenshoot to leave evidence. Do not open links or emails that simulate a brand, the link may be fraudulent.