DART: NASA's mission to deflect an asteroid
The space agency seeks to impact Didymos
Like just taken from a movie script in which you have to stop a meteor that will reach the earth. NASA science and technology is doing tests to deflect the impact of an asteriode .
DART or in its translation Double Asteroid Redirection Test , which in Spanish translates to double asteroid redirection test , will be the first ship to land against celestial objects to try to divert its path. Specifically, it will do so against Didymos, a binary system of asterioids. The network is 780 meters wide and has a satellite that orbits around it. It is in detail 11 million kilometers from the earth.
This ship will be launched from the Falcon 9 rocket belonging to Space X . The takeoff was made from California. The space agency intends to investigate the kinetic impact in the face of a possible asteroid threat. If the mission turns out as the agency envisions, the spacecraft will travel for almost 1 year, traveling 11 million kilometers . The expedition could reach its goal of hitting the asteroid Dimorphos. The crash is predicted to speed 6.6 kilometers per second.
For this, a camera called DRACO has been devised, which has independent navigation software . This tool can facilitate the impact of the mission . "The collision will change the speed of the small moon in its orbit around the main body by a fraction of one percent, which will serve to change its orbital period by several minutes, enough to be observed and measured with telescopes on Earth. ”, They explain from NASA.
The area in which the impact will occur, will approach the countries: Germany, Czech Republic and Austria. And it will be monitored by telescopes, planetary radars that will monitor the maneuvers in detail. In addition to that each movement will be recorded audiovisual.